Adaptation is the way organisms change over time to eat, to defend, and to hunt in their environment. Camouflage is a type of adaptation that organisms use to hide from predators or prey.
Several animals use camouflage as a way of defense. Prey camouflage themselves so their predators won’t find them. For example, rodents blend into their surroundings to stay hidden from owls, hawks, and other birds of prey.
Bugs also camouflage. Most of them hide in certain types of plants. Grasshoppers, which may look like twigs, rocks, or leaves, blend into the grass to stay hidden from birds.
Another bug that camouflages to survive is the moth. Most moths are either brown or gray, but there are also many other colors. Their camouflage is important to survival because they have sharp-eyed predators like birds of prey. There are also some bats, birds, and spiders that eat the adult moths.
Camouflage can also help predators hunt. When they hunt for food, they need to stay hidden so that the prey doesn’t see them and run away. For example, owls use camouflage too. Their feathers are patterned the way they are so they may remain unseen by their prey until the very last moment. It also helps young owls hide from predators. Barn owls, brown nocturnal birds, are hard to see when they land on the dark brown bark of a tree branch.
As any biologist or good observer can see, camouflage is a necessary adaptation for all organisms. Without it, predators can’t find food easily and prey can’t hide easily. Everyone would be affected negatively if organisms didn’t adapt and camouflage. In the future, things will continue to change for their survival needs. Next time you look at an animal, look for adaptations and ask yourself why they have them, and you’ll be bound to find something interesting.